December 7, 2017 – Canada’s Premiers met via conference call on December 5, 2017 to discuss the current state of the North American Free Trade Agreement modernization negotiations and the significant work remaining on cannabis legalization and regulation.
On their call, Premiers received an update from Canada’s Ambassador to the U.S., David MacNaughton, on the status of the North American Free Trade Agreement modernization negotiations. Ambassador MacNaughton noted that while significant progress has been made, Canada continues to reject U.S. extreme proposals as unworkable in areas such as government procurement, rules of origin for autos, investment, dispute resolution, a sunset clause, and supply management.
Premiers continue to support efforts to improve and modernize the North American Free Trade Agreement provided that any new agreement maintains Canada’s existing level of market access and does not make trade and investment more difficult across North America.
Premiers note that the federal government has been fully engaging provinces and territories in the negotiation process to ensure their interests are well represented. Provinces and territories will continue to be actively involved in the upcoming negotiations, and will continue engagement and advocacy efforts with U.S. national and state level decision-makers, as well as U.S. industry, business, labour groups, and other stakeholders.
Cannabis Legalization and Regulation
The federal government has made a decision to legalize cannabis. The federal government, as the government advancing this policy change, needs to invest the appropriate resources to support cannabis legalization. Premiers reiterated that provincial and territorial governments are undertaking much of the work associated with cannabis legalization, and are incurring significant costs as a direct result of the federal government’s decision.
Provinces and territories have made substantial progress in developing distribution, retail and oversight mechanisms, however, as outlined in the Report on Cannabis Legalization and Regulation prepared for Canada’s Premiers, multiple outstanding areas of uncertainty directly impact the ability to fully develop, design and/or implement their frameworks to meet the federal government’s proposed July 2018 timeline.